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Personal Tax - When is Income Tax and Capital Gains Tax Payable?
Under the self assessment regime an individual is responsible for ensuring that their tax liability is calculated and any tax owing is paid on time.
Payment of tax
The UK income tax system requires the payer of key sources of income to deduct tax at source which removes the need for many taxpayers to submit a tax return or make additional payments. This applies in particular to employment and savings income. However this is not possible for the self employed or if someone with investment income is a higher rate taxpayer. As a result we have a payment regime in which the payments will usually be made in instalments.
The instalments consist of two payments on account of equal amounts:
These are set by reference to the previous year's net income tax liability (and Class 4 NIC if any).
A final payment (or repayment) is due on 31 January following the tax year.
In calculating the level of instalments any tax attributable to capital gains is ignored. All capital gains tax is paid as part of the final payment due on 31 January following the end of the tax year.
A statement of account similar to a credit card statement is sent to the taxpayer periodically which summarises the payments required and the payments made.
Sally's income tax liability for 2015/16 (after tax deducted at source) is £8,000. Her liability for the following year is £10,500. Payments for 2016/17 will be:
There will also be a payment on 31 January 2018 of £5,250, the first instalment of the 2017/18 tax year (50% of the 2016/17 liability).
Late payment penalties and interest
New late payment penalties were introduced which are similar to the previous penalties (surcharges) which mean that from 31 January 2013 HMRC may charge the following penalties if tax is paid late:
These penalties are additional to the interest that is charged on all outstanding amounts, including unpaid penalties, until payment is received.
Nil payments on account
Where there is only a modest amount of income tax due, after tax deducted at source has been accounted for then the two payments on account will be set at nil. This applies if either:
Claim to reduce payments on account
If it is anticipated that the current year's tax liability will be lower than the previous year's, a claim can be made to reduce the payments on account. We can advise you whether a claim should be made and to what amount.
How we can help
We can prepare your tax return on your behalf and advise on the appropriate payments on account to make.
We can advise you whether a claim to reduce payments on account should be made and to what amount. Please do contact us for help.
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